- Howard Bartner and 40 years of Medical Science — Howard Bartner, an NIH medical illustrator, devoted 40 years to portraying human anatomy in his drawings.
- Roscoe Brady & Gaucher Disease — How medical researchers study diseases, by answering three basic questions. Focuses on Dr. Roscoe Brady's team at NINDS and their work with Gaucher disease.
- Converging Pathways of Pain Research at NIDCR — The story of how pain research evolved at NIDCR.
- Charles Darwin — Rewriting the Book of Nature: Charles Darwin and the Rise of Evolutionary Theory - The life of Charles Darwin, and the fortunes of the theory of evolution by natural selection.
- Joseph Goldberger & the War on Pellagra — Public Health Service physician Dr. Joseph Goldberger's discovery of the cause of pellagra, a disease, resulting from a diet deficient in vitamin B, that killed many poor Southerners in the early part of the 20th century.
- Human Genetics and Medical Research — Cracking the genetic code allowed us to study diseases at the molecular level, which has increased our knowledge of potential preventions and treatments for diseases. The study of genetics has become central to the science of medicine. This exhibit asks many questions: How do genes cause disease? Can gene therapy work? How do we manipulate genes and should we?
- A History of the Pregnancy Test Kit — This looks at the history of the home pregnancy test and examines its place in our culture. Research that led to a sensitive, accurate pregnancy test was done by scientists in the Reproductive Research Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the National Institutes of Health.
- Martin Rodbell: How Cells Respond to Signals — This exhibit explains the work of Martin Rodbell and his colleagues in discovering a mechanism that transformed our understanding of how cells respond to signals. In a series of pioneering experiments conducted at the NIH, Rodbell studied hormones--substances which have specific effects on cells' activity. He could not have predicted the broad impact his findings would have.
- Synthetic Opiates and Opioids — The quest for new painkillers and a synthetic source for morphine and codeine.