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Eminent NIHers Gallery

NIH researchers have made major contributions to health and basic medical science for more than 100 years.  These include more than 20 winners of the Nobel Prize, more than 30 winners of the Lasker Award, and more than 200 members of the prestigious U.S. National Academies.  The NIH Legends Collection is a project to gather oral, video, and peer-reviewed written histories, obituaries, biographies, and photographs of these remarkable individuals. 

The cards below include the dates the individual was active at the NIH, their Institute or Center, prestigious awards, and research topics. Please click on these cards to learn more about their work and access further resources. 

We hope this growing collection provides a more in-depth perspective of a select group of NIH researchers of years past.  For a complete list of active NIH principal investigators, refer to https://irp.nih.gov/pi.

Please note that NIH History Office does not own most of the resources gathered in this collection, and many items may be copyrighted.

  • Harvey Alter sitting at a table, writing in a notebook

    1969- Present | Clinical Center | Nobel Prize for Medicine 2020 | Hepatitis B and C, Blood Transfusion Structure

  • Christian Boehmer Anfinsen

    1950-1981 | NHLBI, NIDDK | Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1972 | Protein Structure, Protein Folding

  • 1921-1963 | Hygienic Laboratory | Virology, Polio

  • G. Gilbert Ashwell is sitting at the lab bench, writing in a notebook while apparently conducting an experiment

    1950-1997 | NIDDK | Glycobiology, Glycoproteins

  • 1959-1991 | NIDDK | Metabolic Diseases, Parathyroid Diseases

  • 1949-2004 | NHLBI, NIMH | 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Neurotransmitter Reuptake, Catecholamines, Melatonin

  • Ida Bengston looks into a microscope

    1916-1946 | Hygenic Laboratory | Bacteriology, Typhus, Botulism, Trachoma, Anti-toxins

  • 1950-1973 | NHLBI | Renal Physiology

  • 1957-1964 | NCI | 1976 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine | Hepatitis B, Astrobiology

  • 1954-2016 | NINDS | 1982 Lasker Award | Hereditary Metabolic Storage Diseases, Enzyme Replacement Therapy

  • Sara Branham working at her desk

    1930-1955 | Hygenic Laboratory | Microbiology, Meningitis

  • 1950 - 1970 | NHLBI | 1967 Lasker Award | Drug Metabolism, Tylenol

  • 1954-1994 | NIMH | Methylation, Biochemistry, Genetics

  • 1957-2010 | NIAID | Virology, Influenza, Coronaviruses, Rhinoviruses

  • 1920-1927 | Hygenic Laboratory | Oxidation-Reduction, Toxins, Lead

  • 1954-1966 | NINDS | Biophysics, Nervous System Function

  • 1960-1965 | NIMN | Neurotransmitters, Serotonin, GABA

  • 1960-2010 | NIDDK | Toxins, Drug Metabolism, Poisonous Tree Frogs

  • 1918-1945 | Hygenic Laboratory | Bacteriology, Pasteurization

  • 1953-1985 | NIMH | Single Unit Recording, Neuroscience, Motor Action

  • 1953-1983 | NHLBI, OD | Lipid and Cholesterol Metabolism, Heart Disease

  • 1970-1997 | NINDS | 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Prion Disease, Unconventional Viruses

  • 1966-1996 | NCI | 1982 and 1986 Lasker Awards | HIV, Leukemia, Retroviruses

  • 1985-2003 | NIAID | Adenoviruses, AIDS

  • 1957-1971 | Hygenic Laboratory | Bacteriology, Vaccine Research, Typhus, Cholera, Whooping Cough

  • 1956-1994 | NHLBI, NIEHS | 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Molecular Endocrinology

  • 1950-2008 | NHLBI | Enzymes, Cell Metabolism, Anaerobic Bacteria

  • 1954-1990 | OD | Science Administration, Metabolic Diseases