Eminent NIHers Gallery
NIH researchers have made major contributions to health and basic medical science for more than 100 years. These include more than 20 winners of the Nobel Prize, more than 30 winners of the Lasker Award, and more than 200 members of the prestigious U.S. National Academies. The NIH Legends Collection is a project to gather oral, video, and peer-reviewed written histories, obituaries, biographies, and photographs of these remarkable individuals.
The cards below include the dates the individual was active at the NIH, their Institute or Center, prestigious awards, and research topics. Please click on these cards to learn more about their work and access further resources.
We hope this growing collection provides a more in-depth perspective of a select group of NIH researchers of years past. For a complete list of active NIH principal investigators, refer to https://irp.nih.gov/pi.
Please note that NIH History Office does not own most of the resources gathered in this collection, and many items may be copyrighted.
1969- Present | Clinical Center | Nobel Prize for Medicine 2020 | Hepatitis B and C, Blood Transfusion Structure
1950-1981 | NHLBI, NIDDK | Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1972 | Protein Structure, Protein Folding
1921-1963 | Hygienic Laboratory | Virology, Polio
1950-1997 | NIDDK | Glycobiology, Glycoproteins
1959-1991 | NIDDK | Metabolic Diseases, Parathyroid Diseases
1949-2004 | NHLBI, NIMH | 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Neurotransmitter Reuptake, Catecholamines, Melatonin
1916-1946 | Hygenic Laboratory | Bacteriology, Typhus, Botulism, Trachoma, Anti-toxins
1950-1973 | NHLBI | Renal Physiology
1957-1964 | NCI | 1976 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine | Hepatitis B, Astrobiology
1954-2016 | NINDS | 1982 Lasker Award | Hereditary Metabolic Storage Diseases, Enzyme Replacement Therapy
1930-1955 | Hygenic Laboratory | Microbiology, Meningitis
1950 - 1970 | NHLBI | 1967 Lasker Award | Drug Metabolism, Tylenol
1954-1994 | NIMH | Methylation, Biochemistry, Genetics
1957-2010 | NIAID | Virology, Influenza, Coronaviruses, Rhinoviruses
1920-1927 | Hygenic Laboratory | Oxidation-Reduction, Toxins, Lead
1954-1966 | NINDS | Biophysics, Nervous System Function
1960-1965 | NIMN | Neurotransmitters, Serotonin, GABA
1960-2010 | NIDDK | Toxins, Drug Metabolism, Poisonous Tree Frogs
1918-1945 | Hygenic Laboratory | Bacteriology, Pasteurization
1953-1985 | NIMH | Single Unit Recording, Neuroscience, Motor Action
1953-1983 | NHLBI, OD | Lipid and Cholesterol Metabolism, Heart Disease
1970-1997 | NINDS | 1976 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Prion Disease, Unconventional Viruses
1966-1996 | NCI | 1982 and 1986 Lasker Awards | HIV, Leukemia, Retroviruses
1985-2003 | NIAID | Adenoviruses, AIDS
1957-1971 | Hygenic Laboratory | Bacteriology, Vaccine Research, Typhus, Cholera, Whooping Cough
1956-1994 | NHLBI, NIEHS | 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine | Molecular Endocrinology
1950-2008 | NHLBI | Enzymes, Cell Metabolism, Anaerobic Bacteria
- 1954-1990 | OD | Science Administration, Metabolic Diseases