James A. Shannon buildingOFFICE OF NIH HISTORY and Stetten museum

The Office of NIH History and Stetten Museum at the National Institutes of Health advances the historical understanding of the biomedical research conducted at the National Institutes of Health by documenting, preserving, and interpreting records and artifacts. The office creates exhibits and other products, and helps scholars and researchers to navigate the rich history of the National Institutes of Health.




Theodor Kolobow

It is with great sadness that we learned of the death of Dr. Theodor Kolobow, an extraordinary inventor whose devices are used in ventilators, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and heart surgeries worldwide. The Stetten Museum holds many objects Dr. Kolobow donated through the years. Kolobow spent his career at the Laboratory of Technical Development of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  He was featured in the current exhibit “Innovation & Invention: NIH and Prosthetic Heart Valves”. His work truly was all about the patients.  His obituary from the Washington Post..

Theodor Kolobow, 1931-2018

James F. Holland

James F. Holland, M.D. ( 1925-2018), a renowned cancer expert who was a major figure in the development of cancer chemotherapy, died on March 22, 2018, at the age of 92.  Dr. Holland was among the first group of research physicians recruited to the NIH Clinical Center, serving as a senior surgeon at the National Cancer Institute from 1953 to 1954.  In that short year at the NIH, he initiated a clinical trial to compare continuous or intermittent treatment with two chemotherapy agents for acute leukemia in children: methotrexate and 6-mercaptopurine.

Read his oral history at:





Oral histories are added on a regular basis.

James Handlon (NIMH)
Interview date: May 14, 2002

Martin Katz (NIMH)
Interview dates: December 12, 2007

The Office of NIH History holds photograph collections cataloged and uncataloged. Many can be found in on our Flickr site and in Search Our Collections. To request images for use in publications or presentations contact the Office of NIH History. Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and Tumblr.


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Office of History and Stetten Museum | Bldg 60 | Suite 230 | National Institutes of Health | Bethesda, MD 20814-1460
Phone: 301.496.6610 | Email: history@nih.gov

Last updated: 1 April 2018
First published: 2 February 2005
Permanence level:
Permanent: Dynamic Content