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Kenneth S. "Kacy" Cole (1900–1984)


Kenneth Cole, Ph.D., is considered the father of biophysics. He was the world's leading authority on the biophysics of the nervous system. His studies of the transmission of nerve impulses, especially those of electrical resistance in the nerve cells of squid, are credited with leading to the rapid advances in neuro-physiology seen during the 1930s and 1940s. Dr. Cole created the innovative technique known as voltage clamping that helped set the stage for the formulation of the "sodium theory" by Alan L. Hodgkin and Andrew F. Huxley, for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1947. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1956 and received the National Medal of Science in 1967.

photo of Cole Kenneth S. "Kacy" Cole


Dr. Cole's Own Reflections

NIH Publications

Journal Publications

Non-journal Publications