James A. Shannon buildingOFFICE OF NIH HISTORY and museum

The Office of NIH History and Museum at the National Institutes of Health advances the historical understanding of the biomedical research conducted at the National Institutes of Health by documenting, preserving, and interpreting records and artifacts. The office creates exhibits and other products, and helps scholars and researchers to navigate the rich history of the National Institutes of Health.




Yvonne B. Scott

We’re presenting black women scientists and leaders at NIH this March.  We combed the NIH’s newsletter, the NIH Record, from 1949-1979 and used photographs to create our list.  The women described this month all came to the NIH in the 1940s-1950s (there’s not enough days to present everyone).  None of them had a Ph.D., but most had B.S. degrees and some had master degrees.  Follow their stories on our social media this month. Yvonne Scott (left) received her B.S. degree in pharmacy from Howard University in 1952, and ended her career as head of the National Library of Medicine’s MEDLARS Management Section in 1986.  MEDLARS (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System) offers rapid computer access to NLM’s online databases.  Scott is using an acoustic coupler (early computer modem) to establish a connection to a mainframe computer.


Oral histories are added on a regular basis.

Richard Gracely (NIDCR)
Interview date: December 18, 1998

M.A, Ruda (NIDCR)
Interview dates: April 6 & May 18, 1999

The Office of NIH History holds photograph collections cataloged and uncataloged. Many can be found in on our Flickr site and in Search Our Collections. To request images for use in publications or presentations contact the Office of NIH History. Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and Tumblr.


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Office of History and Stetten Museum | Bldg 60 | Suite 230 | National Institutes of Health | Bethesda, MD 20814-1460
Phone: 301.496.6610 | Email: history@nih.gov

Last updated: 01 March 2018
First published: 2 February 2005
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Permanent: Dynamic Content