Office of NIH History
In Their Own Words: NIH Researchers Recall the Early Years of AIDS
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1986

January
The CDC reported 16,458 cases of AIDS in the United Sates with 8,361 deaths.
February
NIAID established a Division of AIDS.
May
The name of the AIDS virus was changed to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at the suggestion of a multinational committee of scientists.
June
At a PHS-sponsored conference at the Coolfont Conference Center in West Virginia, a prediction was made that in 2001, some 270,000 people in the United States would have been diagnosed with AIDS and that 179,000 would have died.
June
NIAID established AIDS Treatment Evaluation Units (ATEUs), which later became AIDS Clinical Trials Units (ACTUs).
July
NHLBI cosponsored with FDA and the NIH Office on Medical Applications of Research a conference on the “Impact of HTLV-III Antibody Testing on the Public Health.”
October
The CDC reported that although the incidence of AIDS was rising for all racial/ethnic groups and in all geographic regions of the country, the cumulative incidence of AIDS among blacks and Hispanics was more than three times the rate for whites.
October
Surgeon General C. Everett Koop released his “Report on Acquired Immune Deficiency.”
December
The CDC reported 28,098 cases of AIDS in the United States with 15,757 deaths.

 
 
 
       
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